Hooikanon server set up (ppc64le)
Set up for ppc64le systems
NIKHEF-ELPROD has 3 IBM Power9 machines for the grid dCache storage systems. The systems are called hooikanon-01, 02 and 03. (hooikanon-04 is a dCache storage system for stoomboot.) These servers have a different architecture from x86_64, which means they require different tricks to get them configured properly. Note that ppc64le is different from ppc64--the ppc64le is purely for the little endian format where ppc64 is for big endian systems.
IPMI set up
Turn on the machine and once in the Petitboot menu, exit into the shell to start configuring the IPMI set up.
IBM instructions for setting up the ipmi interfaces: https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/linuxonibm/liabw/rhel_guide_Power9_network.html
The basic steps to follow are:
Set the mode to static by running this command: ipmitool lan set 1 ipsrc static
- Set your IP address by running this command: ipmitool lan set 1 ipaddr ip_address where ip_address is the static IP address that you are assigning to this system.
- Set your netmask by running this command: ipmitool lan set 1 netmask netmask_address where netmask_address is the netmask for the system.
- Set your gateway server by running this command: ipmitool lan set 1 defgw ipaddr gateway_server where gateway_server is the gateway for this system.
- Confirm the IP address by running the command ipmitool lan print 1 again.
Server RAID set up
ARCCONF can be used to configure the logical drives and set up the RAID level for the servers for the internal disks. ARCCONF can be used by putting the arcconf binary on a USB stick available from https://www.nikhef.nl/pdp/ndpf/files/packages/arcconf/.
General syntax for using arcconf is:
ARCCONF CREATE <Controller#> <LOGICALDRIVE|MAXCACHE> [Options] <Size> <RAID#> <CHANNEL# DRIVE#> [CHANNEL# DRIVE#] ... [noprompt]
Hooikanons have 1 controller with 2 disks each which should be configured as RAID 1. I used this command to configure the setup:
arcconf create 1 logicaldrive max 1 0 0 0 1 noprompt
This command creates a logical drive on Controller 1, with the maximum size possible, at RAID 1, on channel 0 to disk 0 and on channel 0 to disk 1.
You can check the configuration of the drives by using
arcconf getconfig 1 AL
A useful site for more information: http://fibrevillage.com/9-storage/3-arcconf-command-examples-adaptec-array-controller
Installing an OS
Make sure to get the ppc64le (or alt architecture) builds for the OS distribution. It is possible to install the OS via a USB stick or a virtual iso from the BMC interface. To mount a virtual iso (only available from the Java interface) from the BMC, select Virtual Media -> Virtual Storage and choose the logical drive type, open your image, and 'plug in' the virtual iso. More instructions for how to set this up can be found: https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/linuxonibm/liabw/rhelqs_guide_Power_p9_usb.pdf?view=kc
To use a kickstart file<nowiki><ref>For the kickstart method to work, the ppc64le distribution must be imported into Cobbler -- the network install server. This requires a lot of manual tuning for the kickstart metadata. <\ref><\nowiki>, generally this can be the same as the x86_64 kickstart file, however, the partitioning scheme should follow something like this:
clearpart --drives=sda --all part "PPC PReP Boot" --size=8 --asprimary --fstype="PPC PReP Boot" --ondisk=sda part /boot --size=1000 --asprimary --fstype=ext4 --ondisk=sda part pv.01 --size=1 --grow --ondisk=sda volgroup system pv.01 logvol / --fstype ext4 --size=65536 --name=root --vgname=system logvol swap --fstype swap --size=32768 --name=swap --vgname=system logvol /var --fstype ext4 --size=65536 --name=var --vgname=system logvol /tmp --fstype ext4 --size=65536 --name=tmp --vgname=system
Note the "PPC PReP Boot" partition at the start is important for the system to boot properly. More information about the specifics for ppc64le with kickstart files can be found here: https://docs.centos.org/en-US/centos/install-guide/Kickstart2/ Also check that none of the packages are architecture dependent. I.e. biosdevname is for x86_64 based systems, so the udev package was substituted and works. It is useful to add debugging during the installation process. This can be done by "manually" (because I haven't found another way of doing it) adding inst.logging=debug in the Petit boot menu under the boot arguments. (Scroll over the linux "pxe" boot device and press 'e' for edit.)
The Power9 can take the pxe boot argument from the ipmitool, so to pxe boot the system, you can use:
[root@stal ~]# ipmitool -H hooikanon-02.ipmi.nikhef.nl -U root -P $IPMIPASS -I lanplus chassis bootdev pxe Set Boot Device to pxe [root@stal ~]# ipmitool -H hooikanon-02.ipmi.nikhef.nl -U root -P $IPMIPASS power cycle
RPMs for ppc64le
Most of the RPMs used for the ppc64le come from the EPEL Centos 7 repo: https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/7/ppc64le/ A mirror is set up on hoen to take care of updating and managing these packages. However, Prometheus requires an architecture-dependent rpm (node exporter) which will not install without a ppc64le rpm (which is currently not available). So following the instructions for building the RPMs from https://github.com/lest/prometheus-rpm
Choose a ppc64le machine to build the rpm on (i.e., hooikanon-02)<ref>It may be possible to cross-build this on a different platform but that was not tested. Docker containers did not work in building the RPM. But the source RPM for prometheus node exporter are stored under my user directory on stal.<\ref>
Install rpmbuild and any dependent packages (https://wiki.centos.org/HowTos/SetupRpmBuildEnvironment) Check out or clone the source files for the RPMs - Prometheus in this case (https://github.com/lest/prometheus-rpm) Create a separate directory called rpmbuild with these subdirectories (BUILD/ RPMS/ SOURCES/ SPECS/ SRPMS/ tmp/) Use the makefile to autogenerate the .spec/.unit/.init files as needed In the sources directory, download the correct tarball release as needed: i.e.
Copy the relevant files into rpmbuild/SOURCES Use the rpmbuild tool to create the RPM from the .spec file: rpmbuild -ba autogen_node_exporter.spec
Move the SRPM and RPM to the server for storing and mirroring.
The prometheus node exporter RPM was then placed under the nikhef external repo on hoen (/srv/repos/mirrors/nikhef/external/7/ppc64le/).