Difference between revisions of "Proxy file handling in gLExec"

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*T - GLEXEC_TARGET_PROXY
 
*T - GLEXEC_TARGET_PROXY
  
Note: in the default /tmp/x509up_u<uid>.glexec.XXXXXX the six X are replaced by random letters following mkstemp().
+
''NOTES'':
 +
* For gLExec &ge; 0.8 the writing/setting of the proxy on the payload depends on the ''create_target_proxy'' setting in the glexec.conf file, see man [http://www.nikhef.nl/grid/lcaslcmaps/man/glexec.conf.5.0_8_0.html glexec.conf(5)].
 +
* In the default /tmp/x509up_u<uid>.glexec.XXXXXX the six X are replaced by random letters following mkstemp().
 +
* The rules should be parsed top to bottom, consecutively.
  
Also note that the rules should be parsed top to bottom, consecutively.
 
 
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Revision as of 08:47, 27 September 2011

gLExec uses four environment variables for various reasons. This section is intended to explain what they do in a pragmatic way so that you should be able to work with them.

The environment variables of interest are:

  • GLEXEC_CLIENT_CERT
  • X509_USER_PROXY
  • GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY
  • GLEXEC_TARGET_PROXY

Note: do NOT forget to export/setenv these variables, so that they are known to gLExec.

GLEXEC_CLIENT_CERT

gLExec uses this (proxy) certificate as input to know who to authorize and to which account a mapping must be done.

In a Multi User Pilot Job (MUPJ) environment this is a proxy with the identity of the payload user.

The GLEXEC_CLIENT_CERT

  • Contains an absolute file path to the proxyfile. Note: "/dir/subdir/../subdir2/proxy" is allowed.
  • The proxyfile MUST contain a public and private key pair.
  • The proxyfile MUST be readable by the user account calling gLExec.

File permissions

The file permissions of the file must meet the following:

  • The proxyfile MUST be owned by the account that calls gLExec. In pilot job framework use cases: owned by the pilot user
  • The proxyfile MUST NOT exceed the file permissions of 0700 which means readable, writeable or executable explicitly for the user of the file. Groups, others and special bits are not allowed.

Troubleshooting hints for version < 0.6.9

When this environment variable is not available or when the given path is not readable by gLExec the following error messages will occur in the gLExec log indicating a problem with gLExec's input, in particular the absence of a usable GLEXEC_CLIENT_CERT:

glexec[10301]: LCAS authorization request
glexec[10301]: lcas.mod-lcas_run_va(): Cannot find certificate chain in pem string(failure)
glexec[10301]: lcas.mod-lcas_run_va(): failed

As a result of not being able to present tokens to be authorized, the gLExec tool will exit with a 203 exit code. This indicates that the authorization of the user has failed.

For more information on the gLExec exit code, please visit: Exit codes of gLExec

X509_USER_PROXY (on the calling side)

The X509_USER_PROXY passes through gLExec to the SCAS client or Argus client LCMAPS plug-ins.

In a Multi User Pilot Job (MUPJ) environment this is a proxy with the identity of the Pilot Job Framework Production Manager a.k.a. the Pilot User.

For the interaction with a site central authorization service, such as SCAS, Argus or GUMS, these credentials are used to authenticate at the service. The actual mapping decision is based on the identity of the GLEXEC_CLIENT_CERT proxy. The credentials will be used in the policy decision at the service, but for the SCAS interaction this identity (by its VOMS credentials for instance) must be whitelisted to be able to interact with the service. The X509_USER_PROXY is used to setup the mutually authenticated secure channel to the authorization service.

The X509_USER_PROXY

  • Contains an absolute file path to the proxyfile. Note: "/dir/subdir/../subdir2/proxy" is allowed.
  • The proxyfile MUST contain a public and private key pair.
  • The proxyfile MUST be readable by the user account calling gLExec

Troubleshooting hints: using Argus

When this environment variable is not available or when the given path is not readable by gLExec the following error messages will occur in the gLExec log indicating a problem with LCMAPS plug-in's input, in particular the absence of a usable X509_USER_PROXY.

For LCMAPS c-pep plugin version < 1.0.0 this will incorrectly lead to a gLExec exit code of 202 (misconfigured site error), instead of the correct 203 (authorization failed) exit code. This leads to the following error in the log file:

lcmaps.mod-startPluginManager(): error initializing plugin: /opt/glite/lib64/modules/lcmaps_c_pep.mod 
lcmaps.mod-lcmaps_init() error: could not start plugin manager 
 Initialization of LCMAPS failed. Please check in syslog or the logfile for LCMAPS (when able to be opened) for more details

For versions ≥ 1.0.0 this behaviour is fixed, gLExec will give a 203 exit code in the absence of a usable X509_USER_PROXY.

For more information on the gLExec exit codes, please visit: Exit codes of gLExec

Troubleshooting hints: using SCAS

When this environment variable is not available or when the given path is not readable by gLExec the following error messages will occur in the gLExec log indicating a problem with LCMAPS plug-in's input, in particular the absence of a usable X509_USER_PROXY:

lcmaps_plugin_scas_client-plugin_run(): No client side credentials for SSL handshake to the SCAS service presented. 
                                                 Not in the configuration file and not in the $X509_USER_{PROXY,CERT,KEY} environment variables. 
lcmaps_plugin_scas_client-plugin_run(): scas client plugin failed

On the shell the exit code of gLExec will signal a 203. This indicates an authorization failure.

For more information on the gLExec exit codes, please visit: Exit codes of gLExec

GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY (optional)

gLExec has the capability of transferring the proxy file from the calling environment to the target user's environment. The resulting file will then be accessible by the target user.

NOTE: in version 0.8 and higher, the transfer of the proxy file and/or the setting of the corresponding variables in the target environment can be disabled in the config file, using the create_target_proxy option.

The GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY holds the path to the proxy file that needs to be transferred. The setting is optional. If no GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY is present for gLExec to use, the behaviour depends on the gLExec version, see also Behaviour overview:

  • for version 0.6.8-3 and older, no proxy file is transferred.
  • for version 0.7.0 and higher a default equal to GLEXEC_CLIENT_CERT is used.

When the GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY is set:

  • It contains an absolute file path to the proxyfile. Note: "/dir/subdir/../subdir2/proxy" is allowed.
  • Must be readable by the user account calling gLExec

When the GLEXEC_TARGET_PROXY environment variable is not set, the proxy will be staged in a default location which depends on the gLExec version:

  • for version 0.6.8-3 and older: <target users $HOME>/.glexec/proxy.
  • for version 0.7.0 and higher:
* in logging only mode no file is copied
* in switching/setuid mode /tmp/x509up_u<target users uid>.glexec.XXXXXX where XXXXXX will be substituted by a sequence of 6 random letters.

After a proper copying of the proxy file the X509_USER_PROXY environment variable will be set to point to the new file.

For version 0.7.0 in logging only mode without a GLEXEC_TARGET_PROXY setting, the X509_USER_PROXY environment variable will be set to point to the GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY or its default GLEXEC_CLIENT_CERT.

File permissions

The file permissions of the file must meet the following:

  • The proxyfile MUST be owned by the account that calls gLExec. In pilot job framework use cases: owned by the pilot user
  • The proxyfile MUST NOT exceed the file permissions of 0700 which means readable, writeable or executable explicitly for the user of the file. Groups, others and special bits are not allowed.

Troubleshooting hints

If the GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY is not set, gLExec will continue without it or with the default (see GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY)

If the GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY is set but not valid, for version < 0.7.0:

  • If the GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY is set to a not-existing file the following message will occur on the commandline:
[gLExec]:   The stat syscall returned with an error for either $GLEXEC_CLIENT_CERT or $GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY.
  • If the GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY is set to an unreadable file, or to a file which is readable by more than just the user, the following message will occur on the commandline:
[gLExec]:   Expecting a different set of permissions.

In all these cases the gLExec exit code will be set to 201, which indicates a user (resolvable) error.

For more information on the gLExec exit code, please visit: Exit codes of gLExec

GLEXEC_TARGET_PROXY (optional)

The GLEXEC_TARGET_PROXY is the full path of the location where the GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY is going to be written. See GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY for the behaviour when unset. Note that the default behaviour has changed between versions ≤0.6.8-3 and ≥0.7.0, see also Behaviour overview

The path will be checked by gLExec to be assured that:

  • The directory in which the proxy will be written is owned by the target user.
  • Is writeable by the target user.

As a result of the proper staging of the proxy file the X509_USER_PROXY environment variable will have the same value as the set GLEXEC_TARGET_PROXY.

Troubleshooting hints

If gLExec is unable to write to the indicated target location a 201 exit code is returned by gLExec, indicating a user (resolvable) error.

For more information on the gLExec exit code, please visit: Exit codes of gLExec

Behaviour overview

  • C - GLEXEC_CLIENT_CERT (mandatory)
  • X - X509_USER_PROXY (mandatory)
  • S - GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY
  • T - GLEXEC_TARGET_PROXY

NOTES:

  • For gLExec ≥ 0.8 the writing/setting of the proxy on the payload depends on the create_target_proxy setting in the glexec.conf file, see man glexec.conf(5).
  • In the default /tmp/x509up_u<uid>.glexec.XXXXXX the six X are replaced by random letters following mkstemp().
  • The rules should be parsed top to bottom, consecutively.
0.6.8-3 0.7.0 logging only 0.7.0 setuid
set GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY

set GLEXEC_TARGET_PROXY

file S copied to file T

var X gets value T

file S copied to file T

var X gets value T

file S copied to file T

var X gets value T

set GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY

unset GLEXEC_TARGET_PROXY

file S copied to <mapped homedir>/.proxy/glexec*

var X gets this filepath as value

var T gets value S

 

var X gets value T

var T gets value /tmp/x509up_u<uid>.glexec.XXXXXX

file S copied to file T

var X set to value T

unset GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY

set GLEXEC_TARGET_PROXY

var X unchanged**

var T unused

var S gets value C

file S copied to file T

var X gets value T

var S gets value C

file S copied to file T

var X gets value T

unset GLEXEC_SOURCE_PROXY

unset GLEXEC_TARGET_PROXY

var X unchanged** var S gets value C

var T gets value S

 

var X gets value T

var S gets value C

var T gets value /tmp/x509up_u<uid>.glexec.XXXXXX

file copied to file T

var X gets value T

* in logging only mode this is unwanted behaviour and therefore changed in version 0.7.0.

** this is unwanted behaviour and therefore changed in version 0.7.0.