Installing updates: OS, CAs, Quattor, VL-e
There are various kinds of packages that need to be updated frequently:
- updates for the Operating System
- updates for the gLite middleware
- updates for the VL-e software
- new versions of the CA packages
- new Quattor releases
There is a lot of similarity in these updates. This article describes the procedures for the updates listed above, except for the gLite updates. Updating gLite packages is more complicated than the other updates; therefore, there is a dedicated article Updating Quattor-managed gLite servers.
Installing updates comprises the following steps:
- Synchronization of the local mirror of the OS repository
- Generation of Quattor update templates
- Compilation and deployment
Synchronization of the local mirror
To synchronize the local mirror of the Operating System, execute the following script as user ndpfmgr at Quattor server stal:
This will synchronize the local OS mirror at host stal with the OS mirror at spiegel.
To synchronize the local mirror of the CA mirror in /project/quattor/www/html/mirror/CA/, execute the following script as user ndpfmgr at Quattor server stal:
To synchronize the local mirror of the Quattor software under /project/quattor/www/html/quattor/, execute the following script as user ndpfmgr at Quattor server stal:
To synchronize the local mirror of the VL-e PoC R3 mirror under /project/quattor/www/html/mirror/VL-e//R3/, execute the following script as user ndpfmgr at Quattor server stal:
At the moment, the following distributions are mirrored:
- CentOS 4.8 i386
- CentOS 4.8 x86_64
- CentOS 5.5 x86_64
Generation of the OS update template for Quattor
The current procedure for generating OS updates (now called errata) is similar to the description on OS Errata Management and Deployment
At host stal using your personal account, run rpmErrata.pl to generate an errate template from the available OS updates:
$L/../bin/rpmErrata.pl /project/mirror/centos/5.4/updates/x86_64/RPMS/ > \ $L/cfg/os/centos54_x86_64/rpms/errata/<DATE>.tpl
where <DATE> is (by convention) the date of generation, formatted as YYYYMMDD (e.g. 20100723).
The generated template contains only the last version of each package found in the update repository, except for the kernel packages. Only if the package was already installed before it will be updates. For kernel packages, a comment line for the last version is added. The kernel to be installed are selected somewhere else; see below for details.
The template sites/ndpf/site/os/errata-defaults.tpl defines the default errata versions to be deployed for a particular OS version:
variable OS_ERRATA_TEMPLATE ?= nlist( 'centos54_x86_64', 'rpms/errata/20100723', 'centos48_x86_64', 'rpms/errata/20100118', 'centos48_i386', 'rpms/errata/20100118', );
If needed, deviations from the defaults can be defined on a per-host basis in template sites/ndpf/site/os/version_db.tpl:
variable NODE_OS_ERRATA_TEMPLATE ?= nlist( escape('tbn13.nikhef.nl'), 'rpms/errata/20090101', );
The definitions in NODE_OS_ERRATA_TEMPLATE take precedence over the defaults.
For each errata template, there must be a corresponding initialization template at location:
This template defines the (default) kernel version for the corresponding erratum level:
$ cat os/centos54_x86_64/config/os/errata/20100723-init.tpl template config/os/errata/20100723-init; variable OS_KERNEL_VERSION_ERRATA ?= nlist( 'centos54', '2.6.18-164.11.1.el5', );
It is possible to override the kernel version via the variable KERNEL_VERSION_NUM. The selected kernel version is automatically added to the configuration for GRUB, so that it becomes the default for the next boot.
Generation of other templates
Update templates for VL-e software can be generated using rpmUpdates.pl. The software update template is located under $L/cfg/grid/vle/<PoC-release>/rpms/<OS-version>/updates.tpl
The easiest way to deal with a set of new CAs, is to download the template from the CA site: [http://groep.web.cern.ch/groep/cadist/] (you need to go down into the directory corresponding to the new release and get the file pro_software_meta_lcg_CA.tpl). This file needs to be customized: the template's name should read common/security/lcg-CA and should eventually be saved as $L/cfg/grid/common/security/lcg-CA.tpl
To change the Quattor software that is installed, the new versions should be added by hand to the templates, to be found under $L/cfg/os/<distribution>/rpms/quattor.tpl
Compilation and Deployment
Perform a test compilation in your local environment and do not forget to refresh the repository templates:
makexprof -u -f itb
If this succeeds, commit the changes to SVN and follow the deployment procedure to install the updates.
Note: if a kernel update is installed, schedule a reboot of the node(s) to ensure that the desired kernel is loaded as soon as possible, to prevent surprises at a later stage.